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DRUG ABUSE AND ADDICTION:

Drug abuse refers to the use of a drug for purposes for which it was not intended, or using a drug in excessive quantities. Drug addiction is a state of physical or psychological dependence on a drug.
Physical addiction is characterized by the presence of tolerance (needing more and more of the drug to achieve the same effect) and withdrawal symptoms that disappear when further medication is taken.
All sorts of different drugs can be abused, including illegal drugs (such as heroin or cannabis), prescription medicines (such as tranquilizers or painkillers), and other medicines that can be bought off the supermarket shelf (such as cough mixtures or herbal remedies). This depends on the nature of the drug being abused, the person taking the drug and the circumstances under which it is taken.
Some medications - for example certain sleeping pills or painkillers - are physically addictive. They have a specific effect on the body which leads to tolerance and withdrawal symptoms. Others may lead to psychological addiction if people have a craving for the effect that the drug causes.
There has been some speculation that some people may be more prone to drug abuse and addiction than others. Research is being carried out into whether there may even be genes that predispose certain people to addiction.
Social circumstances are important in drug abuse. Peer pressure, emotional distress and low self-esteem can all lead individuals to abuse drugs. Ease of access to drugs is another influence.
People abuse drugs for a reason. Understanding an individual’s motivation helps to explain why that individual is abusing drugs.

Complete awareness of the dangers and fate of drug abuse and its addiction be brought to the knowledge of the people, especially the youth.
By Seminars / Work Shops in educational institutions.
Consulting addicts in the streets / hospitals.
Rehabilitation centers for addicts/ drug abusers.

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